Causes of Muscle strains may include:
Mild Strain may happen if you have:
Degrees of severity of a strain
Acute soft tissue injuries are graded according to their severity and include:
grade I – some fibres are torn and the site is moderately painful and swollen, but function and strength are mostly unaffected
grade II – many fibres are torn and the site is painful and swollen, with some loss of function and strength
grade III – the soft tissue is totally torn, with considerable loss of function and strength. Grade III injuries often need surgical repair.
Treatment may include:
How can massage help?
Massage has been used for centuries for prevention and treatment of soft tissue injuries, including muscle strains. Massage may help with both prevention and healing of muscle strains. Massage may help to optimize positive performance factors such as healthy muscles, connective tissues and normal range of motion. Massage may be an effective way to prevent acute injury occurring from muscle tears in tight muscles and chronic injuries caused by wear and tear by rearranging muscle fibres. Massage can be used to minimize negative-performance factors such a dysfunctional muscle and connective tissues, restricted range of motion, and pain and anxiety. Preventive massage may help athletes prepare mentally and physically for events. Massage used pre and post sporting events helps to increase blood flow and therefore oxygen and increases muscle temperature. This prepares the body for exercise thus may reduce the risk of injury. Massage may improve soft tissue healing in a number of ways. Increased muscle blood flow should help remove waste products after exercise and should enhance the delivery of protein and other nutrients needed for muscle repair. Increased lymph flow may also assist with reducing swelling and stiffness thus reducing muscle discomfort. Massage may help improve both primary and secondary odema/swelling, thus assisting in recovery post injury.
by Ben Hewitt
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